Introduction - Location

The Faculty of Music’s new building is to be constructed in the edge zone of the lower part of the Dorćol neighbourhood, along the future linear park (transformation of the zone along the no longer functioning railway), near the Pančić park and the Dorćol harbour (Marina Dorćol) in Dunavska street. In terms of traffic, the location is well connected with the main city traffic arteries, which provides good connection with other, more distant parts of the city.

Housing complexes with a large number of accompanying trade, service and catering facilities have been built in the vicinity of this location.

The area planned for the construction of the Faculty of Music’s new building is now covered by ground-level commercial facilities, which mainly extend along Dunavska street. The commercial facilities consist of car washes, sheet metal workshops and storage areas, the structures of which are of poor standing. All the facilities on this location are to be removed. The greenery on this location has no characteristic value and is not to be retained.

With the new construction on the present location, with facilities in line with the competition assignment, this area should be harmonized with the environment and the historical values of the location and its immediate surroundings should be affirmed.

The envisaged new purpose, that of a higher education institution with public facilities (Faculty of Music with a concert hall and dance, jazz and chamber music halls) complements the planned transformation of this part of the city, which is the subject of the elaboration of the Detailed Regulation Plan for the Linear Park - Belgrade, City Municipalities of Stari grad and Palilula. The plan’s analyses indicate the need for the planning of new urban facilities which may significantly improve the present housing models, the tourist offer and the unique urban identity of this part of Belgrade.

 

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Excerpt from the Planning Documentation 

Detailed Regulation Plan for the Linear Park - Belgrade, City Municipalities of Stari grad and Palilula

Early public access documentation

 

The dislocation of the railways and freight traffic from this area opens up possibility for the strong transformation of the area. This refers to the contents that represent a mixture of culture, creative industries and commercial facilities within public, open city spaces, which develop spontaneously in accordance with the trends and requirements of inhabitants and the market (exhibition areas, cultural pavilions, educational workshops, design neighbourhoods, gastro pubs, urban gardens, sports facilities, relax zones, etc.)

The general reconstruction area includes spaces in which a large number of cultural assets has been concentrated, as well as the units already enjoying protection. The general reconstruction entails a combined application of integrative protection, urban restoration and development of the area, in harmony with the scope and level of architectural heritage values. The rule applies (among others) to the following:

Belgrade’s First Industrial Zone (the unit’s boundaries are marked by the following streets): Tadeuša Košćuška street from the railway line to Solunska street, as well as the following streets: Solunska, Cara Uroša, Visokog Stevana, Kapetan Mišina, Skender begova, Dobračina, Gundulićev venac, Venizelosova, Poenkareova, Jovana Avakumovića, Bulevar despota Stefana, including part of the Pančevački most bridge, Višnjička street right to the boundary of the Belgrade Wool Combine, spanning the entire factory complex and further from the complex along the boundary extending vertically from the present railway line up to Tadeuša Košćuška street.

 

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Geo Serbia

 

Position in the City

Dorćol is a Belgrade neighbourhood located in the oldest city core, in the Belgrade municipality of Stari grad.

Today’s Dorćol spans the area between the Belgrade Fortress, i.e. the Kalemegdan park (which is sometimes regarded as part of Dorćol), Vasina and Uzun-Mirkova streets (sometimes Dorćol is said to stretch up to Knez Mihailova street), the vicinity of Bulevar despota Stefana street and the Danube.

Formerly, what was regarded as Dorćol was only the intersection of Cara Dušana and Kralja Petra streets (the latter was formerly Dubrovačka street along its entire length and today only from the aforesaid intersection towards the river Danube) and the surroundings of this intersection (in Upper and Lower Dorćol).  Its northern part, bordered by the Danube and Cara Dušana and Dubrovačka streets, was called Jalija, the Turkish word for a river bank. The part of Dorćol from Knez Mihailova to Cara Dušana streets was called Zerek, which means a “slope” in Turkish.

Dorćol’s Danubian bank is a well developed one, with a long bicycle lane and a promenade. The structures on the river bank include the “Milan Gale Muškatirović” Sports and Recreational Centre (formerly the “25. maj” Sports Centre), with a complex of outdoor and indoor swimming pools hosting numerous water sports competitions (swimming, diving, water jumps..) and the tennis courts hosting Serbian Open; a large marina as well is under construction.

In winter, the Dorćol promenade along the Danube is important for waterbird watchers as here one can spot species that are rare in Serbia.

History of the Location

The Belgrade city core has been located in the area of today’s Dorćol neighbourhood ever since the time of the ancient town of Singidunum. It was with the arrival of Legion IV Flavia Felix, in 86 AD, that Singidunum reached its peak. The legion built a square castrum (fortification), which was situated in today’s Kalemegdan Fortress Upper Town. Another step taken by the Romans in the fortification of Singidunum was a settlement intended for the legion’s veterans, located by the fortress.

In time, a large settlement grew around the castrum. The town had a rectangular basis and its streets intersected with each other under right angles. Some bases of such urban elements have been preserved today as well, which is visible from the position of the following Dorćol streets: Uzun-Mirkova, Dušanova and Kralja Petra. Today’s Studentski trg square was a Roman forum, encircled by thermal baths (which were discovered in the 1970s), and it as well preserved the orientation the Romans gave to Singidunum. In the Middle Ages, including the period when, during the reign of Despot Stefan Lazarević (1405—1427), Belgrade became the Serbian capital for the first time, its northern suburbs were situated in the area of today’s Dorćol, towards the Danube.

The Dorćol neighbourhood derives its name from a Turkish word meaning an intersection of four streets, which refers to the intersection of Cara Dušana and Kralja Petra streets and Dubrovačka street. In the Turkish language, dort means four, whereas jol mean road). In the Middle Ages, Dorćol, as Belgrade’s northern suburbs, was the main part of the town. During the Ottoman rule, today’s Kralja Petra street was the central street of Belgrade and the main centre of trade (baš čaršija).  It remained the main street until the second half of the 19th century. The Dorćol slope, the then Zerek, is at the same time the oldest Belgrade settlement. All the Belgrade Ottoman Turks resided there, in houses surrounded with gardens. The area below Cara Dušana street, right down to Jalija, was inhabited by the Jewish community. Some native Aromanians (Tzintzari) as well lived there. When the Ottomans left Belgrade, Serbs and Aromanians (especially the latter) started moving into the area, purchasing Turkish estates.

 

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Dunavski kej street - Archive photographs - Miloš Jurišić’s collection 

 

When, in the early 18th century, the Austrians conquered Belgrade, they first began to transform this provincial town into a modern European one and it was Dorćol that underwent the most extensive changes since as many as 333 families from the towns of Worms and Mainz moved to the neighbourhood at the time. At the time of the Turkish sway, it was Turks and other Muslims that lived in Dorćol. There were some Armenians as well.

 There were also a lot of Jews in one part of Lower Dorćol, below Dušanova street. A Dorćol street that was a home to the Jewish settlement has preserved its name to this very day - Jevrejska (Jewish) street. The Jews have been living in the territory of Belgrade since the Roman times and their history has been recorded since the 16th century. The Jewish institution buildings were situated in the following streets: Jevrejska, Solunska, Cara Uroša, Cara Dušana, Kralja Petra streets. On many ceremonial occasions and on holidays, ceremonial pageants passed through Jevrejska street sometimes carrying relics from the nearby sinagogue.

It was from Lower Dorćol, ie. from the lower part of Cara Uroša and Solunska streets, towards the drift where the railway line is situated even today, that the last charge of the Serbian army in the defence of Belgrade in 1915 was launched - after the famous speech of Major Dragutin Gavrilović.

 

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https://beogradskonasledje.rs/kd/zavod/stari_grad/termoelektrana_snaga_i_svetlost.html

Cultural monument - POWER AND LIGHT Thermal Power Plant, Belgrade, Dunavski kej bb

 

The POWER AND LIGHT Thermal Power Plant was built in 1932 at the place of an old municipal power plant. The planning of the construction of the Danube river promenade began in the 1930s. At that time, on Belgrade’s Danubian bank, there were baths called Mon Plaisir, Dubrovnik, Diana and Belgrade; there was also an unhygienic Roma settlement and a wild beach of “gamins and beggars”. Behind the power plant, there was a city waste dump and ponds with malaria-infected mosquitos.

Dorćol was devastated in the German Nazi bombing on 6 April 1941 and many people were killed. The yard of the Church of St Alexander Nevsky, in which many people had been hiding, was hit by the Nazi bombs.  At the very beginning of the war, Jews were registered, were compelled to wear yellow bands, were arrested or dismissed from service, taken to forced labour, to the Topovske šupe collective camp and the Banjica and Staro sajmište death camps. Numerous Jews were shot by firing squads.

During the war, many buildings were destroyed and later, residential buildings in the spirit of Socialist modernism were built at those sites.

After the war, large functional buildings were constructed in Dorćol and many people moved into the neighbourhood. In 1974, a sports centre was built by the Danube. The Pančić Park is located here.

Belgrade’s First Industrial Zone

Belgrade’s first industrial zone represents a tangible testimony to industrialization, urban planning and intensive turn-of-the-century development in the area of former suburbs and today in Stari grad and Palilula municipalities. Belgrade’s first industrial zone also included the following industrial architecture structures and complexes: Nikola Bošković’s Bank Warehouse, the Textile Factory of Kosta Ilić and Sons with Vlada Ilić’s Villa, the Belgrade Cotton Combine and the Old Slaughterhouse building.

Despite the fact that the industrial zones and complexes have been declining for decades, this area must not be regarded as empty land without any value, but as an area that cherishes the memory of the city and which needs to be restored and returned to the city. The preservation and rehabilitation of certain segments and complexes within the First Industrial Zone, which still preserves some characteristic industrial facilities, are necessary also because of their influence on the awareness of the value of the entire remaining industrial heritage in the Belgrade area. Although these facilities do not form a constituent part of the planned area, the execution of a linear park represents a prerequisite for their preservation and rehabilitation.

 

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Railway line as the link between the railway station and the Belgrade Slaughterhouse according to the Plan from 1903 ©RZZZSK
 

Conditions of Preservation, Maintenance and Use of Cultural Assets and Assets Enjoying the Status of Previous Protection and Protection Measures for the Detailed Regulation Plan for the Linear Park - Belgrade, City Municipalities of Stari grad and Palilula, Republic Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments - Belgrade, No. 6-19/2021-3 of 26 February 2021

Study of the Guidelines for the Purpose of Elaboration of the Detailed Regulation Plan for the Linear Park - Belgrade, City Municipalities of Stari grad and Palilula no.  R1489/20 оf 26 May 2020 and R4006/20 оf 26 November 2020

 

Natural Characteristics of the Area

The climate in Belgrade is a temperately continental one, with four seasons and approximately 2,096 sunny hours in a year.  The average annual precipitation quantity is 669.5mm. The largest number of days with precipitations: in April, June and December.

The relevant area belongs to the Centre topoclimatic zone, which is characterized by the average annual temperature of 12.3 ° C, in the total span of about -20, 0 ° C to about 40.0 ° C in  extreme situations. The number of days with temperatures higher than 25 °C is 95 per year. Belgrade is a windy area exposed to winds from the southeast, northeast, north and northwest. Calm periods are rare and occur mostly during summer. The most common and the strongest southeast wind is košava, which blows throughout the year, with its peak intensity in September and during winter and the average speed ranging from 25 to 45km/h and with storms up to 130km/h, to which, considering the orientation, the area covered by the competition is not exposed. The coldest winter winds are the northern and northwestern winds, to which the competition area is exposed.

Traffic Connections

The traffic artery that is the most significant for the competition area is Dunavska street, into which the competition location exists through its regulation and from which road access has been provided.

The street network concept is based on the Belgrade General Regulation Plan. The primary traffic arteries within the area in which the Plan is to be executed are:

Dunavska street in the direction of Bulevar vojvode Bojovića street, 1st street rank

Poenkareova street (the section connecting Bulevar despota Stefana steet and Dunavska street), 1st street rank

Žorža Klemansoa street, 1st street rank

Poenkareova street, 1st street rank

Knežopoljska street, 1st street rank

Tadeuša Košćuška street, 1st street rank

Dunavski kej street, 2nd street rank

The area of Dunavska street in the direction of Bulevar vojvode Bojovića street forms the axis of the street network of the wider gravitation area from the Pančevački most bridge to the Kosančićev venac neighbourhood and is planned mostly south of the planned linear park. This planning design is to make the present Dunavska street less attractive for freight traffic, so its functional significance will drop to that of a 1st rank street. The Dunavska street route is being planned with a regulation of 32.2m.

Tree avenues (the green zone), pavements and a bicycle lane are also planned along the route.

 

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Accessibility for Traffic

 

Pedestrian Traffic

The competition span area belongs to an area envisaged for the construction of a linear park in the central zone of Stari grad municipality. The competition span’s wider area includes frequent pedestrian traffic, the intensity of which varies depending on the time of the day, the day in the week and the period of the year. The main issues in the creation of continuity in pedestrian traffic are the relative  inadequacy in connectivity and the poor state of the pedestrian surfaces.

Bicycle Traffic

According to the strategic plans for the development of bicycle lanes in the city, apart from the present lane (a section of the lane from Dorćol to Ada Ciganlija), lanes along Tadeuša Košćuška, Dunavski kej and Dunavska streets (right by the competition location) have been planned as well.

Public City Transport

Through public city transport, the location is well connected with the central parts of the city, which provides good connection with other, more distant parts of the city.

The connections will be further improved through the construction of a Public Transport Enterprise terminal in the close vicinity.

 

Immediate Surroundings - Current Status

 

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Immediate Surroundings - Current Status

The location is in the close vicinity of the Danube, the Dorćol harbour (Marina Dorćol), the Pančić park and the railway line. Housing complexes with a large number of accompanying trade, service and catering facilities have been built in the vicinity of this location. In the forthcoming period, these immediate surroundings will be considerably transformed through the construction of high-rise buildings in the Dorćol harbour (Marina Dorćol) zone and through the development of the Linear Park.

Construction Heritage in the Immediate Surroundings 

In the close vicinity, the most significant structure is the POWER AND LIGHT Thermal Power Plant, which is a cultural monument (Decision on Establishment, “Official Gazette of RS” no. 33/13). The POWER AND LIGHT Thermal Power Plant complex, built in the period from 1930 to 1932 on the right bank of the Danube, due to its cultural, historical, architectural and urban planning values, occupies a significant place in Belgrade’s economic, technical, social and civil engineering history.

 

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POWER AND LIGHT Thermal Power Plant, 1932, ©Nikolic, Zoran (4 December 2015)

The thermal power plant’s location was selected primarily due to the sufficient quantity of cooling water and the possibility it provided for transporting coal by the river. The plant’s construction was entrusted to the Swiss Society for Electrification and Traffic from Basel, which, in 1929, was granted a concession for 25-year electric power supply to Belgrade. At the time when it was built, it was the largest structure of its kind in Belgrade. The thermal power plant was put into test operation in late 1932, when it assumed the function of the old municipal power plant dating from 1892. The complex consists of the Power Plant building, a portal crane with a shaft, a pump station and a filter plant. The three most important units of the Power Plant building, in terms of construction and technology, are the boiler room, the mechanical hall and the command and counter hall.  The Power Plant’s functional division is visible in its structure and design as well. The architecture of the building and of the entire complex reflects Modernist views, characteristic of European architectural practice between the two world wars.

The portal crane with a shaft was built simultaneously with the Power Plant building and represents a large bridge-like gridded structure. It is driven by two electric engines along the railway line positioned along the Power Plant, along the entire length of the river arm from the pump station to the Danube (140m). The third segment of the Power Plant consists of a pump station and a filter plant, which are situated at the end of the river arm. The pump station consists of a reinforced concrete building, a circular base and an interior installation with pumps and pipelines. The filter plant is connected with the pump station and consists of a rectangular structure which has been divided into filtration pools in its interior. The POWER AND LIGHT Thermal Power Plant operated until 1969.

 

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https://beogradskonasledje.rs/kd/zavod/stari_grad/termoelektrana_snaga_i_svetlost.html

The construction of the POWER AND LIGHT Thermal Power Plant introduced a low-voltage distributive network for supplying alternate current. As the largest structure of its kind in Belgrade between the two world wars, the power plant constituted the base for the formation of the city’s electric power system and signficantly contributed to its improvement.

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“Power and Light” Thermal Power Plant on the Danube, 1951

 

Construction Location - Current Status of the Surfaces’ Purpose

The area planned for the construction of the Faculty of Music’s building spans parts of the surfaces of the following plots: Part of Cadastral Plot 12/8 Cadastral Community Stari grad and Part of Cadastral Plot 49/1 Cadastral Community Stari grad .

The public-purpose construction plot under no. J4-1 in Unit 5 has been defined with analytical points in Graphic Enclosure 4 “Construction Plot Plan with Implementation Guidelines”, its approximate surface area amounting to 14.057m2.

 

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Faculty of Music Construction Zone

The area planned for the construction of the Faculty of Music’s new building is now covered by ground-level commercial facilities, which mainly extend along Dunavska street. The commercial facilities consist of car washes, sheet metal workshops and storage areas, the structures of which are of poor standing. All the facilities on this location are to be removed.

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Faculty of Music Construction Zone

Current status of the Surfaces’ Purpose

 

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Marked points in the photos

Graphic Enclosure 1 “Current Purpose of the Surfaces”

Excerpt from the Detailed Regulation Plan for the Linear Park - Belgrade, City Municipalities of Stari grad and Palilula

 

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Photodocumentation - Current Status

 

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Current Status Photograph Location - point 1, photo D.M.       

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Current Status Photograph Location - point 2, photo D.M.                                                                                                                                                                                                    

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Current Status Photograph Location - point 3, photo D.M .               

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Current Status Photograph Location - point 4, photo D.M.                                                                                                                           

 

Green Surfaces on the Location and in the Immediate Surroundings - Current Status

In the competition span’s wider area, the most important green surface is the littoral zone and the Pančić park. The key to the entire future cooperation and transformation of this zone is the construction of a linear park, which is to significantly transform the appearance and the quality of the green surfaces in the competition span’s wider area.  In the competition span’s area itself, there are no significant green surfaces or individual examples of trees the preservation of which is necessary.

 

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Immediate Surroundings - Current Status                                                                                                                               z.s.

U pojasu između reke Dunav i postojećeg železničkog koloseka zastupljene su travnate površine i soliterna lišćarska stabla. U središnjem i istočnom delu planske teritorije, nisu zastupljene javne zelene površine. Prisutno je linijsko zelenilo spontano obraslo u koridoru železničke pruge, gde su dominantna stabla jablana, crne topole, pajasena i kiselog drveta. Takođe u postojećim površinama različitih namena, prisutna je spontano obrasla vegetacija, pojedinačni primerci visoke i grupacije žbunaste vegetacije.

 

Current Subdivision of the Area

 

The area planned for the construction of the Faculty of Music’s building spans parts of the surfaces of the following plots: Cadastral Plot 12/8 Cadastral Community Stari grad and Cadastral Plot 49/1 Cadastral Community Stari grad.

The relevant parts of the aforesaid plots are located in the zone of the planned protective greenery, the expansion of traffic arteries, the new regulation of Dunavska street and the Public Transport Enterprise terminal.

Part of Cadastral Plot 12/8 Cadastral Community Stari grad has been planned for the protective greenery zone in Block 31.

Part of Cadastral Plot 49/1 Cadastral Community Stari grad has been planned for the Public Transport Enterprise terminal zone (bus and trolleybus terminal).

 

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GEO Serbia - Review of the Real Estate Cadastre - June 2020.

 

Immediate surroundings - planned condition

 

Within the wider and narrow setting of the competition span, under way is the execution of the Detailed Regulation Plan for the Linear Park - Belgrade, City Municipalities of Stari grad and Palilula, which regulates the urban transformation of the former railway corridor. The  Linear Park - Belgrade area, in terms of space, represents a link between the Beton hala building and the Pančevački most bridge and a link between the Danubian slope and littoral. As such, this area has exceptional potentials, impact and importance for the city’s development. The good traffic connections and accessibility to all the types of transport, the location’s position in the close vicinity of the Belgrade littoral, rivers and various zones and attractions in the contact area (the Kalemegdan Fortress, the Beton hala structure, the passengers’ port, the “Milan Gale Muškatirović” Sports and Recreational Centre, the “Novak” tennis courts, the Danube promenade, the restaurants, etc.) and the urban transformation of the former railway track, provides the possibility of the introduction of various programme contents and urban settings with a view to intertwining and connecting the historical identity and the new identity of the Danubian slope area.

The main principle for the use and development of the former railway line is the formation of a public city area which, through its linear form, connects other public areas with each other, which represents a peculiarity of this area in relation to other parts of the city, emphasized the public use of a space and offers a series of different public contents within the planned green surfaces. It also suggests the development and connection into a network of public urban areas as one of the major factors in the constitution of Belgrade’s urban identity and the realization of direct contact between the people and the settings.

Linear Park - General Goals of the Plan

The general goal of the Plan is the urban transformation of the railway corridor.


Through the elaboration of the competition programme and cooperation with competent institutions, it is necessary to provide adequate conditions for the preservation, development and improvement of the continual park strip. With regards to that, one should devote special attention to the planning of future events and the development of the area.

 

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Immediate Surroundings - Current Status z.s.

 

Linear Park’s Planning Design Concept

 

The planning design concept is based on the formation of the identity of the area as a linear park of wider urban significance and of the littoral zone, the necessity for the activation of the park area by introducing new contents but also by harmonizing the offered contents with the character of the area, its connection with the setting and a better accessibility to users, the maximum preservation and improvement of all the natural values and qualities of the environment and the respect for all the specific protection terms and restrictions.

The planned public green surface - the Linear Park will contain continual communication surfaces - pedestrian and bicycle lanes of adequate capacities, as well as plateaus, stairs, ramps, etc. What is needed is the application of surfacing of high-quality and resistant materials, safe for use in all the weather conditions, or the application of natural shades - the use of vegetation instead of surfacing. The public green surfaces constitute the primary purpose, within which intervention zones, i.e. ten special thematic units for park, cultural, educational, sports and commercial facilities, have been proposed. The contents are to complement one another and constitute a unique assembly providing the planned area with a special identity.

The open sports and recreational fields in the Linear Park zone may include: children’s playgrounds, acoustic playgrounds, experimental playgrounds, open fields for active and passive recreation, jogging tracks, a skate park, and, besides sports activities, one may form a multifunctional plateau (for exhibitions, festivals, a skating rink in winter, etc.), an amphitheatre (for dance and theatre shows, film screenings, etc.).

 

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Linear Park Zone - Current Status, 2021 photo Z.S

 

The Linear Park has been provided with requirements for the organization of space and development and construction rules, which are based on guidelines, protection rules and restrictions with a view to preserving the values of the area and applying adequate ecological measures (protection of air and water, protection against noise pollution, etc.). Due to its form and position and also the role it has as part of Belgrade’s green surface system, the Linear Park has to be designed as a green “track” to interconnect and unify the differently developed park segments.

The construction of this public green surface system needs to ensure multifunctionality and, above all, the function of increasing the quality of the environment in the built area (in terms of regulation of air quality and temperature, mitigation of climatic extremes, noise reduction, city’s biodiversity, achieving a positive effect on conditions for passive and active recreation of the inhabitants, increasing the aesthetic and ambient values of the area). Communications and recreational surfaces and facilities shall span no more than 30% of the park’s territory. Individual solutions initiate the application of the nature-based solutions of the models such as: ecological habitats for birds and other animals, “islands of freshness”, eco-urban furniture, green sound barriers, green walls and roofs. Pedestrian and bicycle lanes have been planned for construction as a measure of adaptation to climatic changes, with a view to reducing the influence of high urban temperatures and solar reflexion and radiation. It is necessary that the green surface project should deal with the evaluation of the current plants and that ecologically and climatically adaptable ones should be chosen for plantation.

The Linear Park, to be surrounded by public, residential and commercial parts of the city as well as sports complexes, in either public or private ownership, will benefit in many ways from the entire social diversity and agglomeration.  In addition to increased value of the land, a positive entrepreneurship climate for further development of the urban regeneration of the Lower Dorćol zone will be created. The park is expected to significantly include public security as well. Although Belgrade has a low incidence of crimes in public areas, the project will deal with this subject as well through the installation of a video-surveillance.

 

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Excerpt from the Detailed Regulation Plan for the Linear Park - Belgrade, City Municipalities of Stari grad and Palilula

 

The project has also launched the topic of citizens’ role and participation in design and planning. Through several online and local conferences, special groups (such as women, elderly persons, disabled persons, ethnic groups...) have been identified. The citizens were mostly addressed by means of opinion polls and were inspired and encouraged to take part in the process of transformation of the area they live in.

It is possible to identify seven spatial units within the Plan’s boundaries, on the basis of their prevalent purposes and the planned manner of using the land.

 

Linear Park’s Characteristic Units

 

Unit 1, which spans the entire area of the plan, has been divided into ten sub-units, which, in the previous stage, were elaborated upon through the call competition’s preliminary designs. The area covered by Unit 1 extends along Bulevara vojvode Bojovića street and Dunavska street, including the former railway line corridor around Kalemegdan towards the Pančevački most bridge. The unit’s prevalent purpose is a public green surface (linear park), which, through its diverse facilities, connects the public spaces in a contact area, thus forming a network of public urban areas. The unit is also to include surfaces for public service facilities and complexes, a cultural building - the Nebojša Tower museum - and a higher education building. The sub-units have their own specific features and characteristics, which have been described in the rules for the construction and development of public green surfaces - the Linear Park.

Unit 2 is primarily a sports one and it includes the following present structures: the “Milan Gale Muškatirović” Sports and Recreational Centre, the “Polet” and “Dorćol” football club fields and the “Novak” tennis courts.

Unit 3 covers the area of the former Dorćol harbour (Marina Dorćol), which is being transformed into mixed city centres, the area of the former POWER AND LIGHT Thermal Power Plant, which has been envisaged for revitalization and for a new, cultural purpose, and the area between the former thermal power plan and the river Danube, which is being planned for a public green surface - a park.

Unit 4 covers the complex of the present “Dunav” Power Plant and the facility of the present pumping station, which is to be retained. The basic purpose of this unit, as a surface for infrastructural facilities and complexes, has been retained.

Unit 5 has been planned for public service buildings and complexes - a higher education institution, namely the Faculty of Music with the Dance Department building.

Unit 6 is constituted by an area which includes the Admiral Hotel and which provides a capacity for the development of its present purpose - commercial contents.

Unit 7 is a unit of a dominant purpose - a mixed city centre, within which unit there is a primary health care centre and a surface for nfrastructural facilities and complexes.

The former, Dorćol-based, factory “Beko” is situated in the zone between this location and the Belgrade Fortress, the factory’s entire location currently undergoing transformation into a new business and residential complex, K-District.

 In this unit, which is very important for the city, for the first time after a long “hibernation” period, transformations which, in relation to their own location characteristics, have a significant impact on the setting and the adopted models of functioning in this area, have been planned.

 

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Review of the Characteristic Units

 

 

Large-Scale Projects in the Vicinity Being executed or Already executed

The wider area contains significant projects that have already been executed and the projects the execution of which has been announced. All the planned residential complexes (К District, Green Residence, Kalemegdan Park, Cara Uroša street, Central Dorćol and New Dorćol) boast a wide range of commercial facilities (retail stores, cafés, restaurants, services, fitness clubs, etc.), which complement the basic purpose. In the close vicinity of the location selected for the construction of the Faculty of Music building, the construction of the Marina Dorćol residential and business complex is being planned.