Materialization

The key construction material available at local construction services and on the materials market should be included in the new building’s design. In any event, priority should be given to materials from renewable sources, with low costs and low impact on the environment resulting from their production and degradation. All the construction materials used from the exterior and directly exposed side of the building (e.g. vertical surfaces without protective coverings, horizontal surfaces without roofs) ought to be made of tough materials with a 50-year shelf life and no need for constant maintenance. As for the maintenance of the basic mechanical resistance on partially protected external surfaces below the partitions (façades, ceilings, roofs), which are not directly exposed to weather conditions, the range of the materials uses can be expanded with those which can be changed or maintained if necessary, but the parts need to be easily accessible and replaceable.

Construction materials must fulfill the requirements for the building’s permanent mechanical stability.

Other used materials, especially those intended for daily exposed surfaces (floors, walls and wall coverings) need to be selected in such a way that they are easy to maintain and clean (basic cleaning techniques); annual or perennial renewal of materials (pressure washing, grinding, sanding, painting and notes newal) and partial replacement due to damage or wear.

Energy Efficiency

The preliminary design should be conceived in such a way that, through the subsequent planning steps (Construction Permit Project, Execution Project), the conditions for energy efficiency stipulated by the law could be fulfilled. In that process, one should pay special attention to the following elements that can be identified and shown in the preliminary design:

the architectural design enabling the use of low temperature systems,

efficient shading and control of increased heat, which enables the use of natural light and potential heat gains during the heating season,

control of the structure’s passage through thermal covering - the minimum passage quantity, the minimum quantity of elements to be isolated “beyond” the thermal covering line (e.g. balcony consoles connected with the basic hot part of the structure,

exploitation of direct sources of heat and cold through an appropriate architectural design (e.g. nighttime cooling of the building, heating of the building by means of solar energy during the heating season, accumulation of heat and cold and their proper distribution in the entire building),

taking into account the increased needs for energy efficiency adopted in the process of the design and management of public sector buildings.

Structure

When choosing a structure system and structural materials, one should consider the expectations that the structure is characterized by a long-term, rational and flexible design. In principle, a rational structural design  provides an optimal relation between the required structural spans, the used construction materials and design complexity. It is also necessary to conceive an adequate protection against earthquakes at the conceptual level, i.e. secure the basic horizontal stability of the building. Any deviation from the usual (more or less rational) preliminary designs must be explained and it must be specified in which way the deviating (unusual) solution contributes to the improvement of the building’s design and function.

Along with long-term flexibility, it is necessary to ensure that the building has a clear division between the primary structure, which guarantees its global stability, and the secondary structural and partitioning elements, which may be removed or replaced without affecting the primary construction system. In this way it is possible to, on a long-term basis, adapt the building to other programmes which are not known at the time of the construction. The structural system of the concert halls should be dilated in relation to other structural elements of the building.
 

Exterior Development

The project should include the design and synchronization of all the elements of exterior development

basic entrances and accesses to areas for teaching in the open air ,

(atriums, possible external scenes towards the linear park),

platforms, accesses and communications for interventional vehicles,

waste disposal plants,

horticultural distribution - vegetation planting, watering system, external hydrant network.

Informative Design

In the process of design of the Faculty’s new building, efficient IT support should be provided. Ideally, it should cover the system of general information for students, teachers and external visitors, orientation towards the building and premises and information related to the functioning of the building. At the conceptual level, one should go on to define the systems and solutions providing simple and efficient information at all the three levels.

The information on spatial organization should be adapted to persons with disabilities as well, through positioning at adequate heights and the application of the Braille script on handrails or other tactile surfaces.


Guidelines and Recommendations for Installations

Within the structure, it is necessary to envisage all the standard premises and installations of heating, ventilation, water supply and electricity which this type of a structure requires, according to the regulations on technical security, fire protection and environment protection.

The planned structure should be connected to the current or planned public communal infrastructural network.

In terms of infrastructure equipment, it is possible to provide the connection of the facilities to communal infrastructure (electric power, telecommunication, waterworks, sewerage, heat transmission and gas transmission network) in the required capacity.

Electrical Installation Design Guidelines

In addition to other tasks, the electrical installations are expected to adequately include the following segments of work and building management:

variable light adaptable to the premises’ occupancy and the available daylight.

What is particularly important is to ensure that artificial light is designed properly so that it can be efficiently and discreetly combined with natural light. The colour, clarity and quality of light should be as comparable and non-conflict as possible.

Information support for managing the buildings in terms of information, energy use, use of space and security.

Adaptable technical support for the building and its mechanical parts (mechanical installations and other devices), with the possibility of learning and gradual increase of its efficacy in relation to the variable terms of usage.

Stage light standards should be applied to all the public spaces and halls.

Mechanical Installation Design Guidelines

The preliminary design should conceptually determine, show and justify the relevant mechanical installation design in the building. The decision should be determined with the amount of the basic investment, annual maintenance costs and the general work and living comfort of the rooms.

Special technological spaces that require particular humidity, such as storerooms for instrument, should be ventilated separately, with appropriate ventilation systems. It is also necessary to provide efficient ventilation of rooms accommodating a large number of persons - such as the concert hall, the lecture hall, etc.

The ventilation concept must be defined through the appropriate reserves of space (vertical axes, lowered ceilings) for a possible distribution of the mechanical ventilation system. Appropriate acoustic protection should be provided for all the systems.

 

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